There are some immigration points you should consider when deciding between Canada and The United States as a couple. It is common for a Canadian and an American to fall in love, and decide to combine their lives.
Similarities between both countries
1) The evidence required to establish a genuine relationship between a couple is the same.
2) Processing times are also similar, both countries process sponsorship files within 12-24 months. Additionally, in both locations your spouse can apply within the country or outside the country. Since Canada and the US have strong relations, there are no unique or special requirements of evidence for citizens from either country.
Differences between both countries
1) Canadian immigration recognizes four different categories of “spouse.”
However, in The United States, a couple must be married to apply for family sponsorship.
Common law spouses must reside together for at least one year, whereas, conjugal spouses need not reside together due to significant barriers (financial barriers, cultural/immigration barriers, sexual orientation etc.). A broader definition of a spouse is inclusive of individuals in unconventional circumstances where marriage is not the preferred choice of coupledom. However, in The United States, a couple must be married to apply for family sponsorship.
2) Financial Requirements
While it is important that the sponsor show that they meet the minimum income standards to provide the basic necessities for the entire family, this does not apply if it is a spouse or child who is being sponsored. It will be necessary to demonstrate what the sponsor's income is, but that will not be a bar to sponsorship in Canada. The most important objective of Canadian immigration is family reunification. This means that the lack of financial means to support your spouse will not be a reason for the refusal of your application.
The US system takes a different path, as family reunification is not explicitly the highest priority. The lack of funds is likely to lead to a refusal, but can be overcome by adding a 'joint sponsor' who will have the necessary level of income. The minimum household income for two in 2018, according to USCIS, is $20,575 USD . Each additional member (dependents) is an additional $5400 USD.
If you are someone in this scenario, deciding where you would like to reside as a couple, and who would like to learn more about the pros and cons of each immigration system, feel free to contact Toronto lawyer, Janice Warren, an experienced legal professional.
In practice for 20 years, Janice P. Warren has concentrated her immigration law practice on helping Canadians move to the United States and finding ways to make their move as efficient and cost-effective as possible.